Do you know what acute kidney failure is? This serious kidney disease occurs when the kidneys aren’t able to filter blood properly, which results in the accumulation of chemicals and toxic residue in them which can have fatal consequences. The kidneys are the main filtration organ in the body and are responsible for filtering 4-5 l. of blood every 5 minutes. They work non-stop and keep the body clean of toxins and chemicals. It’s safe to say that the kidneys are among the most important organs in the human body and should be kept clean and healthy at all times.
However, we all lead an unhealthy lifestyle nowadays and eat awful foods which are straining the kidneys too much and poisoning our body. This is why it’s important to learn the early signs of kidney failure so you can act on time and prevent bigger health problems.
Here are the 8 main signs of kidney failure:
1. Swelling and inflammation
The accumulation of fluids in your body and chemicals and toxins in the kidneys may cause swelling in the legs and feet as well as inflammation. This is one of the earliest signs of kidney dysfunction\failure and should be addressed as soon as possible in order to prevent further complications.
2. Changes in the urinary cycle
Any kind of change in your urinary cycle (frequency, color, texture or smell of the urine) may indicate some kind of problem with your kidneys. If you have trouble urinating, your urine smells bad and has changed its color or texture and there’s pressure or pain when urinating, you need to visit a doctor.
3. Skin rashes
The accumulation of waste and toxins in the kidneys will cause itchy rashes on the skin. If you’ve noticed this symptom and creams and lotions don’t help, we urge you to visit a doctor.
Besides filtering blood, the kidneys produce an essential hormone known as EPO which regulates the production of red blood cells. However, when their function is impaired, the organ won’t be able to produce enough of the hormone, resulting in the decrease of red blood cells and fatigue. If you’re feeling tired for no reason and it’s accompanied by urine changes and dizziness, you may want to visit a doctor.
5. Shortness of breath
Shortness of breath is one of the most overlooked symptoms of kidney failure and one of the most common ones as well. It occurs due to the reduced red blood cell count, which leaves our cells and tissues with low levels of oxygen and leads to the symptom.
6. A metallic taste in the mouth
Due to the excess waste in the body and the malfunction of the kidneys, you may experience a metallic taste in the mouth as well as bad breath.
7. Lower back pain
The kidneys are located in the lower back area of our body, so any kind of problems with them can cause low back pain which doesn’t go away quickly.
8. Nausea, dizziness, loss of focus
Due to the red blood cell count in cases of kidney failure, you might experience anemia, a blood disorder which can cause loss of focus due to the lack of blood supply to the brain. Kidney failure patients might also suffer from the inability to remember things, nausea and dizziness as well.
Acute renal failure is a disease which often goes unnoticed or is misdiagnosed due to the symptoms which resemble different diseases and conditions. This is why it’s important to detect the symptoms on time and act accordingly in order to prevent serious health complications. If you’re suspicious of it, your doctor can order blood and urine tests which can detect any problems with your kidneys. Sometimes, the doctor might order renal biopsy or an abdominal ultrasound in order to identify the culprit. Whatever the reason, you need to treat acute kidney failure as quickly as you can in order to keep your kidneys working.
Acute renal failure often comes as a secondary disease associated with infections and surgeries or a serious injury to the kidneys. In these cases, unless the blood flow is severely affected, the disease is reversible. The treatment may last for a longer period until the kidneys are working properly once more. The disease may also be caused by reduced filtration due to an obstructive condition which doesn’t allow the filtrate to be eliminated. Chronic infections, aging, high blood pressure, diabetes, bladder infections, renal and hepatic base problems and immunological problems may also lead to the development of acute renal failure. This is why it’s important to pay more attention to the health of your kidneys and keep them clean and healthy at all times.